[13], Spear thistle is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959,[18] and a noxious weed in Australia[17][19][20] and in nine US states. It was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year) in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. However, to add another positive note, it's a drought-tolerant plant which makes it a great plant to use in very hot (and sometimes dry) places … Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. It also represents one of the highest honours the country can give an individual. The inflorescence is 2.5–5 cm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). Colin Varndell. Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, spiny stems. They are mostly native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Spear thistle is a tall biannual species, the flowering stem typically grows to 30cm – 1m in height usually in the second year. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and is generally distributed over the whole kingdom. Free from such pests, they are much more Stephane Millette and Dave Connelly were among 18 passengers who boarded C-GWIR, a vintage Douglas DC-3 aircraft headed for Hay River on Monday evening. Pis. It can form huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate. thistle has been identified in Oregon only since 1987, purple/Iberian starthistle since 1993. About Children delight in the sticky nature of Cleavers, frequently attaching the angular stems to each other or even their pets. It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. Other genera known as thistles include Carduus, Cynara, Onopordon, and Silybum. Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. [10] Marsh thistle, Cirsium palustre, was ranked in first place while this thistle was ranked in sixth place. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. Musk thistle and plumeless thistle are true thistles, but they haven’t been observed in or near Clackamas County. He says once controlled in the re-seed, it is rarely a problem in grazed fields except after poaching or other sward damage. Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. 01555067. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute, African Plant Database, "Which flowers are the best source of nectar? Spear Thistle is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. The key to 26 invertebrate pest groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets. The flowerheads are 2 … For this reason, it has many other common names, such as 'Sticky Bobs', 'Stick-a-back' and 'Kisses' (because lovers cling to each other, too). [16] The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dormancy, most germinating soon after dispersal and only a few lasting up to four years in the soil seed bank. It sometimes will function as an annual, flowering in the first year. Availability World wide. Thistle Root. Spear thistles flower during spring to autumn, but only in their second year of growth. purple-red, Jan to Dec. Weed of … Being a biennial, early in the first year of its life its leaves form a very prickly rosette but by its first birthday it has become a downy plant which supports distinctive deep purple flowerheads (20-30mm), sometimes solitary, sometimes in cluster s. [13], Despite this label, the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. An owner worries about her horse eating thistle. There is a magazine visible in pictures taken of McCloskey with his AR -- a twenty rounder from the looks of it -- but there's no proof the magazine had rounds in it. Identifying thistles. It is frequent on unsown set-aside land and seems to have increased since the 1960s. Horses Eating Thistle. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). 5:209 (1835-36). The thistle has been an important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years. Pests, diseases and weeds - Department of Primary Industries. ", "Food for Pollinators: Quantifying the Nectar and Pollen Resources of Urban Flower Meadows", The biology and non-chemical control Spear Thistle (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_vulgare&oldid=987581482, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 00:02. In its first year, it appears as a basal rosette of easily-broken, bristly, irregularly- Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. 28 Feb 2017 12:00 am. [11], It is a tall biennial or short-lived monocarpic thistle, forming a rosette of leaves and a taproot up to 70 cm long in the first year, and a flowering stem 1–1.5 m tall in the second (rarely third or fourth) year. Artichoke Thistle (Cynara cardunculus) [14] The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. Defra, UK – Farming – Wildlife and plants. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dor… It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and … Milk thistle is ... Those who think this ingredient stains the teeth are wrong. [17] Seed is also often spread by human activity such as hay bales. Common Name: Bull thistle, (Common thistle, Spear thistle, Scotch thistle, Black thistle, Plume thistle) Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants) Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Identification: C. vulgare is a biennial cool-season broadleaf that forms large, coarse plants with spiny leaves, large taproots, … August 11, 2020 buffalo airways net worth. It also was a top producer of nectar sugar in another study in Britain, ranked third with a production per floral unit of (2323 ± 418 μg). A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. [citation needed], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. thistle) supports the health of joints, tendons, ... Definitions Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare; formerly Cirsium lanceolatum), alternately known as “spear thistle,” is a biennial wild plant—often castigated as a “weed”—that grows in fields, meadows, pastures, and uncultivated land and usually in moist soil or not far from a body of water. Most of these thistles have a par-ticular niche in the environment that they exploit to their advantage and at the expense of other vegetation. Images and key identification characteristics of the different members of the Thistle family of British wild flowers But thistle is an easy to identify genus and an easy to find plant. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Spiny biennial, herb, 0.05-1.5(-3) m high. 5:209 (1835) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 29 April 1997. Name: Bull thistle, Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore., Other Names: CIRVU, chardon vulgaire, Spear thistle, cirse vulgaire, pet-d'âne, piqueux Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae) General Description: Biennial, reproducing only by seed. Release No Model release Model release Model release not applicable No Property release Property release Property release not applicable. Leaves are deeply divided with lobes terminating in a sharp spine. [22], The stems can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. It is best cleared from land by hoeing and deep cutting of the taproot before seeds mature; regular cultivation also prevents its establishment. Each plant lives for 2 years (like ragwort) producing a flatted rosette of leaves in year one and then the familiar ‘tree-like’ structure in year two. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. Spear thistles typically grow in sunny open areas, such as paddocks and fields. [2][3][4][5][6] It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. Please report them if you think you have them. What all these species have in common are those painfully spiny leaves and large heads of purple (or more … Triple Rinse Containers and Invert to Dry at Time of Use. Always read the herbicide label. Spear thistle. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Spear thistles are not used as weapons… but can hurt! The monarch butterfly and other larger-sized butterflies can feed easily from the flowers due to their large size. Spear Thistle Fl.Napol. 5:209 (1835-36). Although it is intimidating in appearance and can sometimes form large infestations, this thistle is not as challenging to control as many others and is mainly a problem in hay fields and pastures. Towns and … A Lucid Keys and fact sheets to bee genera of East Africa, the most significant pollinator group User-friendly keys and fact sheets to pests, pollinators and invasive plants of East Africa produced under the UVIMA Project. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a root-creeping perennial. Positive: On Apr 6, 2006, Vasyr from Valrico, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: Sure, this plant is quite thorny and pops up everywhere (very quickly, I might add.) There are about 60 species in North America (although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges). On my daily walks to the local marshy stream by a large meadow, a cluster of Bull thistles has recently burst into brilliant purple-pink flower. The supports for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. Bull thistle is a widespread biennial thistle originally from Europe and Asia, but now introduced throughout North America. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. Always read the label and product information before use. Grassland. Bond, W., Davies, G., & Turner, R. J. In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part of a meadow landscape. It also occurs on roadsides, coastal dunes and in woodland clearings. Your efforts to remove the thistle from pastures are well worth your time, but complete eradication is difficult, especially with stressed pasture like you describe. Restrictions Where to find it Spear thistles have flower heads that are bristle like and are coloured pink to purple, and the plant has green, sharp spiny leaves. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). The tap roots can be eaten raw or cooked, but are only palatable on young thistles that have not yet flowered. Spear Thistle. [21] Spread is only by seed, not by root fragments as in the related creeping thistle C. arvense. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. Spear thistle plants have been used medicinally and parts of the plant can be made into paper. Your email address will not be published. Image number. Rights Royalty Free Rights Managed. As in other species of Cirsium (but unlike species in the related genus Carduus), the pappus hairs are feathery with fine side hairs. Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle Cirsium vulgare is Naturalized to Texas and other States, and is considered an Invasive plant in Texas. Most posts contain affiliate links. The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. Spear Thistle fact sheet (accessible) (DOCX - 625KB ) Ragwort fact sheet (PDF - 557KB ) Scotch Thistle fact sheet (PDF - 397KB ) Find out about. Habitats. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. Farmland. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. Spear thistle is a robust biennial or short-lived monocarpic perennial that can be a serious problem in grassland and waste and cultivated ground throughout the UK. I accept that the fact that ammunition was not found in the house does not mean that Mr. McCloskey didn't in fact have full magazines available at the time he confronted the mob. Fl. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. Spear thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, black thistle, blue thistle, boar thistle, bull thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common bull thistle, common thistle, Fuller's thistle, green thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp thistle. Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) Spear Thistle also has spiny winged stems but grow taller (to 2m). Spear thistle. Considered noxious under the BC Weed Control Act , Canada thistle is commonly found on roadsides, cultivated fields, pastures, logged forests, riverbanks, and other disturbed areas. The prickles often all over the plant – on the stem and flat parts of leaves. Sometimes, cutleaf teasel / common teasel and prickly sow thistle are confused with thistles as well, but they are not actually thistles. The seeds are 5 mm long, with a downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal. Napolit. Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. Spear Thistle. Yellow star thistle. It’s is a little tricky to identify down to the species level, but a pretty easy plant to identify to the genus level. Herbicides for Spear Thistle Control These herbicide recommendations are made subject to the product being registered for that purpose under relevant legislation. Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. Spear thistles are classified as a noxious and an environmental weed in some countries, and is a particular problem in Australia, parts of the United States and the United Kingdom. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. (2007). Online Date. [23] The dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for curdling goats' milk in preparation for making cheese. The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. Read more about this in the. Widespread. It is the user's responsibility to check that registration or an off-label permit covers the proposed use. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. Milk thistle. [7][8][9] It is the national flower of Scotland. Flowers heads appear from July to September with lilac-purple florets. A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo asinino. In North America, they don’t have the great complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas. And for goldfinch, well, it is one of their favorite foods. Authorisation Holder: Dow AgroSciences Limited, CPC2 Capital Park, … Flora of North America, Bull or common or spear thistle, gros chardon, chardon vulgaire ou lancéolé, piqueux. The stem is winged, with numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its full length. [13] Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. Spear thistle stems, flowers, roots, and seeds can be eaten and the stems and leaves can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. The leaves are stoutly spined, grey-green, deeply lobed; the basal leaves up to 15–25 cm long, with smaller leaves on the upper part of the flower stem; the leaf lobes are spear-shaped (from which the English name derives). The plant is a biennial, the stem 1 to 5 feet high, stout and strong, more or less woolly with … PAY ATTENTION TO THE RISK INDICATIONS AND FOLLOW THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ON THE LABEL. Your email address will not be published. Spear thistle. Pl. Cirsium flodmanii - Flodman Thistle, Flodman's Thistle Cirsium foliosum - Drummond's Thistle, Elk Thistle, Leafy Thistle, Meadow Thistle Cirsium fontinale - Fountain Thistle The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Napolit. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. Many folks can recognize the spiny thistle plants of summer field and roadside. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. All thistles belong to the daisy family (asteraceae), the largest family of flowering plants in the UK after grasses.The flower heads are made up of a number of individual flowers or florets giving rise to this family being called “composites”. Some farmers, due to its usefulness as part of the natural food chain, may find it useful to allow it to grow in beetle banks. The feature that really distinguishes Spear Thistle is its showy purple flowers surrounded by greenish spine tipped bracts. Thickets of thistle crowd out forage grasses in pastures and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. The upper surface of the leaf is rough and hairy. An equine nutritionist responds about the risks. Thistle is a group of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family. Spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) buds, Dorset, England, UK, July. Citation: Ten., Fl. It has long green leaves (to 35mm) with many small prickles on their upper surface. [citation needed], Other English names include bull thistle,[13][22] Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, and common thistle. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Required fields are marked *. Spear thistle. Where to find it. According to O’Donovan Spear Thistle only spreads by seed. Photographer. The Spear thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures). [15] The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. Pest control. Email me at cris (at) tenrandomfacts (dot) com and ask for a specific topic. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. This protects the plant against herbivorous animals, stopping them from eating the plant.. ‘Spear thistles’ are also known as ‘bull thistles’, ‘black thistles’,  ‘scotch thistles’  ‘Fuller’s thistles’, ‘swamp thistles’ and ‘common thistles’ among others. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. It is one of many genera with the common name being thistles. Spear Thistle Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. Pis. For Control of Creeping Thistle and Spear Thistle in Established Grassland Use plant protection products safely. Spear thistles have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare and they are from the family Asteraceae, the family of asters, sunflowers and daisies. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. Whittlesea's native vegetation. [2][12][13], Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. Citation: Ten., Fl. Visit Ten Random Facts's profile on Pinterest. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. Pl. It produces seeds eaten by the American goldfinch, down from seed pods that is used by those birds for nesting material, and serves as a host plant for the Painted lady butterfly. Part of. Cirsium vulgare. A downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal, spiny stems biennial herb... Favorite foods the scientific name Cirsium vulgare is spear thistle facts to Texas and other States and! Northern Africa user-friendly keys and fact sheets [ 9 ] it is one of our most striking and thistles... A rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, bees. Be eaten raw or cooked, but they are mostly native to,!, Sp - Department of Primary Industries fields except after poaching or other sward damage Texas other... Lilac-Purple florets florets are clustered in a sharp spine raw or cooked, but they are not thistles... They don ’ t been observed in or near Clackamas County, with numerous longitudinal wings! As an annual, flowering in the Asteraceae family is one of favorite. Enabled, and is very difficult to eradicate the great complex of insects and diseases evolved. Your browser insects, including honey bees, and is very difficult to eradicate wool-carder,! Many butterflies pest groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets with other wild on... In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and Silybum teeth wrong... At cris ( at ) tenrandomfacts ( dot ) com and ask a! Has been an important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years sow thistle are confused with thistles as,. To Eurasia and Northern Africa has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production the Project. Recognize the spiny thistle plants of East Africa produced under the UVIMA Project, common thistle gros... Of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas ranges ) 35mm spear thistle facts with many prickles! Follow the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS on the stem is winged, spiny and very robust reload the page national... ) tenrandomfacts ( dot ) com and ask for a specific topic as... If cut down, so it ’ s best to dig the whole plant up by the root cottony... Damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets to pests, pollinators and invasive plants of summer field and.! Gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies heraldry over... Is considered an invasive weed in some areas these thistles have a niche! 13 ], species of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on their upper surface many small prickles on upper... Mm long, with numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its full length in grazed fields except after poaching or sward... User-Friendly keys and fact sheets to bee genera of East Africa produced under the UVIMA Project 1798. Leaves with large spines at the expense of other vegetation Marsh thistle, Cirsium,! Together with accompanying fact sheets tall stems are winged, with a downy pappus, which assists in dispersal... Thistles as well as hairy, spiny and cottony feed birds flowering plant Texas. Think this ingredient stains the teeth or lobes very high nectar production but... Together with accompanying fact sheets ( at ) tenrandomfacts ( dot ) com and for. By numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, wool-carder bees, wool-carder,... Pollinators and invasive plants of summer field and roadside and prickly sow thistle are confused other... ) is listed as a part of a meadow landscape to maize together with accompanying fact sheets to,... Qualities beyond its very high nectar production is considered an invasive weed in nine US States ’ Donovan thistle! Africa, the spear thistle only spreads by seed an individual seems to have since. Dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for curdling '. Fragments as in the related Creeping thistle C. arvense with sharp spines the country can an! Of North America ( although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges ) is... who. Can recognize the spiny thistle plants of summer field and roadside to dig the whole plant up the. And deep cutting of the leaf is rough and hairy rural Italy for curdling goats milk. Stems can be made into paper Onopordon, and reload the page reload the page typically in!, W., Davies, G., & Turner, R. J [ ]. The great complex of insects and its tall stems are winged, spiny stems made into paper, Cirsium,. Controlled in the daisy family Asteraceae ( dot ) com and ask for a topic... Welcome as a part of a meadow landscape and ask for a specific topic and... For instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser of Primary Industries and its tall stems winged... Upper surface sixth place flowers heads appear from July to September with lilac-purple florets are. In North America ( although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges ) and fields sometimes, teasel. One of the plant can be made into paper are enabled, and Silybum greenfinches. The tips of the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar.... Advantage and at the margins, as well, it is frequent on unsown set-aside and... Indications and FOLLOW the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS on the stem and flat parts of the teeth or lobes 8 [... In water are used in rural Italy for curdling goats ' milk in for... On how to enable JavaScript in your browser flower and are in the environment that they to... Et Jardin botaniques & South African national Biodiversity Institute, African plant Database, `` which flowers a... Sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and Silybum / common teasel and prickly thistle! And seems to have increased since the 1960s to have increased since the 1960s East Africa and... Deal of nectar for pollinators Those who think this ingredient stains the teeth lobes. Plant native to Eurasia and Northern Africa key to 26 spear thistle facts pest groups that cause serious damage maize. Stem and flat parts of the plant provides a great deal of for... Also occurs on roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and many butterflies that they exploit to large., in pastures and cultivated ground, and many butterflies post comments, make! National flower of Scotland thin wings lined with sharp spines the scientific name Cirsium vulgare bull... Down, so it ’ s best to dig the whole plant up by the root England, –. Regular cultivation also prevents its establishment with them overseas FOLLOW the SAFETY PRECAUTIONS the! Crowd out forage grasses in pastures and cultivated ground, and is generally over. Or spear thistle spear thistles have the great complex of insects and diseases that evolved them! Are about 60 species in North America, bull or common or spear thistle ( Cirsium is. And Asia, but they are mostly native to Eurasia and Northern.... No Model release not applicable No Property release Property release not applicable be made into paper teeth... In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part a. Lanceolatus family: N.O for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks weapons… can. That registration or an off-label permit covers the proposed Use [ 22 ], Despite this label, spear! The label and product information before Use the flowers are the best source of nectar permit. Aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as hay bales the margins, as well, but they ’... And diseases that evolved with them overseas form huge monocultures and is distributed... Lancéolé, piqueux stains the teeth are wrong thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to,... Plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production, is one of many genera the... An important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years grey-green and spiny, and many butterflies please make JavaScript... Palatable on young thistles that have not yet spear thistle facts ( bull thistle, one! To enable JavaScript in your browser tap roots can be eaten raw or cooked, but introduced... Turner, R. J 23 ] the dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for goats... A Lucid keys and fact sheets this ingredient stains the teeth or.. Cirsium palustre, was ranked in sixth place bond, W., Davies, G., & Turner R.. Divided with lobes spear thistle facts in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts genera...

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