through different developmental stages. The Vedas are the sacred scriptures of Hinduism. The most important and, according to scholars, oldest of the Vedas. The words of Rig Veda put to music, and are to be sung rather than to just be read or recited. Some of the hymns in the Vedas may be 5000-6000 years old, or even older. The Veda is the source of the other five sets of scriptures, why, even of the secular and the materialistic. The Vedas are the eternal truths revealed by God to the great ancient Rishis of India. Each of the Vedas has four major text types: Veda definition, the entire body of Hindu sacred writings, chief among which are four books, the Rig-Veda, the Sama-Veda, the Atharva-Veda, and the Yajur-Veda. The Upanishads was written in the last part of this period, during 700 to 400 B.C.E. The Rig Veda: The Book of Mantra The Rig Veda is a collection of inspired songs or hymns and is a main source of information on the Rig Vedic civilization. They were composed thousands of years ago, by several seers. The Vedas was composed over the period of 1200 to 400 B.C.E. The Vedas are four in number â the Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda. It is the oldest book in any Indo-European language and contains the earliest form of all Sanskrit mantras that date back to â¦ The Vedas were written down thousands of years ago, but it is believed that they contain knowledge and wisdom that originated even long before then, passed down orally. See more. Rig Veda â Knowledge of the Hymns of Praise . The Veda is the storehouse of Indian wisdom and is a memorable glory which man can never forget till eternity. Hindus believe that the Vedas are eternal and vibrate eternally in the higher realms of the world of Brahman. Some Hindus say that there was originally only one Veda, the Yajur, which was later divided into four. Together, they form the Chatur Veda. Scholars, however, usually consider the Rig-Veda the oldest of all Hindu writings. The oldest of the four Vedas is the Rig Veda , which means âKnowledge of the Hymns of Praiseâ.It is also regarded as the most important Veda, and has contributed greatly to the other three sets of texts. The following is an overview of the four Vedas. The primary Veda is the Rigveda, and all of them agree with each other in form, language, and content, except the Atharvaveda. Upanishads are a sub-category of a Veda and the last section of any Veda. The Rig-Veda. The Vedas were transmitted orally during the course of numerous subsequent generations before finally being archived in written form. In fact, Hindus regard the Vedas to be authorless, or not of man. Very little is known about the writers of the texts. The Vedas are huge religious texts and contain thousands of hymns. Not much is known about the authors of the Vedas, as the focus is placed on the ideas found in Vedic tradition rather than those who originated the ideas. The four Vedas are compositions of different text in their physical form. Each of the hymns contained in Vedas is long and is composed of several verses.