Night Sky Editions Latitude 20° to 30° North Latitude 30° to 40° North Latitude 40° to 50° North Latitude 50° to 60° North Southern Hemisphere Guide to the Stars View Detail A large 16-inch diameter information-rich planisphere (plastic) for use anywhere between latitude 30° & 60° North. The third brightest star in the night sky, Alpha Centauri is just 4.37 light-years away. You’ll see arguably some of the greatest celestial sights: the nearest stars to our solar system, two close dwarf galaxies, and some drop-dead gorgeous clusters. Beta The Interactive Night Sky Map simulates the sky above New York on a date of your choice. The larger cloud is about 1/20th the mass of the Milky Way galaxy, the smaller cloud 1/30th but that is still many billions of stars in each. This is the entire sky of early evening as autumn begins in the southern hemisphere. The southern sky claims the three brightest stars (Sirius, Canopus, and Alpha Centauri) and the best examples of almost every type of astronomical object. Dutch-American astronomer Bart Bok once famously stated that “the Southern Hemisphere holds all the good stuff,” and he was right. Spring | Low on the northern horizon in the southern hemisphere summer, Orion's sword points up toward Rigel, while brilliant Sirius is overhead at zenith. The Sagittarius constellation that includes the galactic centre is a southern constellation as well as both Magellanic Clouds. [1]. Sirius, in the constellation Canis Major, shines at magnitude -1.46, so has long been a well-known star to many ancient cultures. Yet the southern sky is disorientating, surprising, and utterly transfixing — well worth the trip if you can make it. "You’ll see arguably some of the greatest celestial sights' The Coalsack, Eta Carinae Nebula, Acrux, the Football Cluster (NGC3532), the Southern Pleiades, NGC 2516 and globular 47 Tucanae, etc. Need a reason to venture south? Orion and the Gum nebula: the jewels of the summer Southern sky. You can … Its small size may initially disappoint, but that impression will dissipate once you realize what's in its vicinity. The southern night sky contains a greater range of interesting features than does the northern. Paperback. Named after Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who spotted them in 1519 while circumnavigating the globe for the first time, the LMC contains the Tarantula Nebula, also called 30 Doradus. looking in the appropriate direction during a given season. It shows constellations you can see from mid-southern latitudes such as Sydney, Cape Town or Wellington in mid-month, at 10pm local time. Sunsets will keep getting later, however, until early January when the Earth reaches perihelion, the closest it gets to the sun in its orbit. 100 Things to See in the Southern Night Sky: From Planets and Satellites to Meteors and Constellations, Your Guide to Stargazing In December, anyone with a good pair of binoculars will be able to view the second interstellar object ever identified. It's more than one star — Alpha Centauri A, a Sun-like star, and its companion, the slightly less massive Alpha Centauri B, actually form a triple with Proxima Centauri (technically the nearest at just 4.22 light-years). It was officially designated by the IDA in 2012. All images are from Jupiter passes its neighbor Saturn in their respective laps around the sun every 20 years. December 2020 All-sky astronomical map. To say the Northern hemisphere is 'up' by convention is equally ridiculous. Astronomers say so-called conjunctions between the two largest planets in our solar system aren't particularly rare. These stars make up the ‘Belt of Orion’, one of the most distinctive guides of the night sky. This month’s guide is presented by Geoffrey Wyatt, Sydney Observatory’s Astronomy Programs Producer. The southern sky is full of interesting objects, many of which go unseen in the northern hemisphere. Also from when an object rises to when they set the orientation is 'inverted' from horizon to horizon no matter where you live. In addition, the Southern Hemisphere offers the planet's best view of galactic center and all its glories — it's at its best between July and September. Around 35° from Sirius is the second brightest star, Canopus, the Great Star of the South. The North Star, Polaris, isn’t visible and the circumpolar northern constellations, such as the Big Dipper, Cassiopeia, Draco, and Cepheus become seasonal. During their peak in November, they climb high in the sky and disappear in the northwest before dawn. In fact, north of the … Most easily seen from April through September, Omega Centauri (NGC 5139) contains 10 million stars and possibly even a black hole at its center. faster when accessing each image. July 9, 2010. this page downloads the images so the mouse-over and larger images will appear several factors to include: light pollution, changes in position due to season Sky & Telescope, Night Sky, and skyandtelescope.org are registered trademarks of AAS Sky Publishing LLC. The NambiRand Nature Reserve in Nambia is one of the southern hemisphere’s few certified Dark Sky reserves and the only one in Africa. difficult to trace out a constellation without seeing an example because of Starry Night, version 4.5. This is the month of the winter solstice when the Sun is at its lowest point in the Heavens as viewed from the northern hemisphere. Sirius is the brightest star in the night sky. These images constitute the These are just a few of the arresting sights in the Southern Hemisphere sky, but there are many more. It’ll be the perfect excuse to visit the Southern Hemisphere for its unique view of the universe. The earth is a sphere. Jupiter and Saturn are about to meet in the sky. In fact the South Pole rotates clockwise as viewed by a fixed observer above the pole. Once you've found Alpha Centauri, the next challenge is the Southern Cross, an asterism in the constellation Crux. All you need for a good nights viewing is yourself, a good idea of where south and east are, and your hands. The constellation is easiest to see between March and June (upside down in the spring, rightside up in the fall). Jupiter, Saturn to merge in night sky, closest in 794 years: Qatar Calendar House . All three stars appear as a single point to the naked eye, but a 3-inch telescope with 100× magnification can split Alpha Centauri A and B. Alpha Centauri is circumpolar, so it’s visible year-round south of the equator, but it’s at its highest from March to September. September 25, 2014, By: Alan MacRobert Welcome to the December night sky. To say a sphere has an up and down is like asking someone in a round room to sit in a corner. One reason to visit the Southern Hemisphere is to see the star system closest to us. It’s a massive star nursery, much like the Orion Nebula (M42), but on an entirely different scale. visible - the darker the location, the more dramatic the band. in real life; however, if observing far away from city lights this band is Spring | Summer | Autumn | Winter. September 21, 2015, By: Bob King For the best viewing, find a safe location away from bright city lights, lie flat on the ground with your feet pointing south and look up. 6, Yes, I would like to receive emails from Sky & Telescope. 47 tucana is easy naked eye and there's another globular close by ngc 362 which you can easily see with binoculars.although born in the northern hemisphere I spent 10 years of my boyhood under the skies of southern Africa.infact it's where I developed my interest in astronomy armed with a white Japanese 3"refractor, manufacturer unknown but looked like the unitron brand,and a red tasco 4.5"reflector. Important Environmental Considerations Time of Year. It simply meant that they would be upside-down relative to the way we normally see them. All three stars appear as a single point to the naked eye, but a 3-inch telescope with 100× magnification can split Alpha Centauri … The third brightest star in the night sky, Alpha Centauri is just 4.37 light-years away. Located just outside the map are the four directions: north, south, east, and west. A total solar eclipse will roll through Chile and Argentina, See a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid From Your Backyard. The following images are designed to demonstrate the night sky as seen when As someone who lives in Sydney it's a bit ridiculous to describe the southern hemisphere viewing experience as 'upside down'. "Its small size may initially disappoint, but that impression will dissipate once you realize what's in its vicinity. Viewing is good all night for the Northern Hemisphere, with activity peaking around 2 a.m. local time, and after midnight for viewers in the Southern Hemisphere. Found deep in the constellation of Centaurus, Omega Centauri looks like a blob almost as large as the full Moon in dark skies, and appears as a speckled glow in amateur telescopes. When are they highest in the sky for optimal viewing? Comet 2I/Borisov will reach perihelion on December 8th, and make its closest approach to earth on December 28th. Counted amongst the riches that belong to the southern celestial sphere are an astonishing array of beautiful deep-sky objects, including the naked-eye galaxies known as the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds; the globular clusters 47 Tucanae and Omega … My last post showed Orion and the winter sky disappearing into the west, from home in Alberta.. To help you learn about the southern night sky, Sydney Observatory provides an audio guide/podcast, transcript of that audio, and a sky map or chart each month. Southern Hemisphere All-Sky Map. Copyright ©2020 AAS Sky Publishing LLC. It's more than one star — Alpha Centauri A, a Sun-like star, and its companion, the slightly less massive Alpha Centauri B, actually form a triple with Proxima Centauri (technically the nearest at just 4.22 light-years). Are there times of the year when they are visible north of the equator? images. Please be patient as the design of Sky & Telescope maintains a strict policy of editorial independence from the AAS and its research publications in reporting developments in astronomy to readers. Because of its distinct properties, astronomers think it might be the nucleus of a dwarf galaxy that long ago collided with the Milky Way. $13.50. These two galaxies offer up dense star fields ideal for sweeping binoculars. southern hemisphere as seen from Sydney Australia. Jupiter and Saturn will merge in the night sky Monday, appearing closer to one another than they have since Galileo’s time in the 17th century. 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