Harding, Sandra. [15] It is factually and politically wrong to assimilate all of the diverse ‘moments’ or ‘conversations’ in recent women’s politics named radical feminism to MacKinnon’s version. The regrown limb can be monstrous, duplicated, potent. Cyborg feminists have to argue that ‘we’ do not want any more natural matrix of unity and that no construction is whole. 1987b. 1983. What about all the ignorance of women, all the exclusions and failures of knowledge and skill? New York: Avon. We require regeneration, not rebirth, and the possibilities for our reconstitution include the utopian dream of the hope for a monstrous world without gender. 1982. I have used Rachel Grossman’s (1980) image of women in the integrated circuit to name the situation of women in a world so intimately restructured through the social relations of science and technology. Tristes Tropiques. Writing has a special significance for all colonized groups. 1978. But these excursions into communications sciences and biology have been at a rarefied level; there is a mundane, largely economic reality to support my claim that these sciences and technologies indicate fundamental transformations in the structure of the world for us. To recapitulate, certain dualisms have been persistent in Western traditions; they have all been systemic to the logics and practices of domination of women, people of colour, nature, workers, animals—in short, domination of all constituted as others, whose task is to mirror the self. To be feminized means to be made extremely vulnerable; able to be disassembled, reassembled, exploited as a reserve labour force; seen less as workers than as servers; subjected to some arrangements on and off the paid job that make a mockery of a limited work day; leading an existence that always borders on being obscene, out of place, and reducible to sex. Tales of Nevèrÿon. Cambridge, Mass. The only way to characterize the informatics of domination is as a massive intensification of insecurity and cultural impoverishment, with common failure of subsistence networks for the most vulnerable. International Fund for Agricultural Development. “French Literary Orientalism: The Representation of “Others” in the Texts of Montesquieu, Flaubert, and Kristeva.” PhD diss., University of California, Santa Cruz. In short, the certainty of what counts as nature—a source of insight and promise of innocence—is undermined, probably fatally. 1983. Monsters have always defined the limits of community in Western imaginations. There is not even such a state as ‘being’ female, itself a highly complex category constructed in contested sexual scientific discourses and other social practices. Far from signaling a walling off of people from other living beings, cyborgs signal disturbingly and pleasurably tight coupling. Human beings, like any other component or subsystem, must be localized in a system architecture whose basic modes of operation are probabilistic, statistical. She, the Inappropriate/d Other.Discourse8 (Winter). "Their engineers are sun-worshippers mediating a new scientific revolution associated with the night dream of post-industrial society." The homework economy as a world capitalist organizational structure is made possible by (not caused by) the new technologies. “Green Revolution Imperialism, I and II.” Papers delivered to the History of Consciousness Board, University of California, Santa Cruz. Ironies abound. ———, ed. Communications sciences and biology are constructions of natural-technical objects of knowledge in which the difference between machine and organism is thoroughly blurred; mind, body, and tool are on very intimate terms. Most feminist speeches bother me because they tend to victimize women and treat both men and women as this definite. 1986. Trans. Immunobiology and associated medical practices are rich exemplars of the privilege of coding and recognition systems as objects of knowledge, as constructions of bodily reality for us. Boston: South End Press. 1985. Up till now (once upon a time), female embodiment seemed to be given, organic, necessary; and female embodiment seemed to mean skill in mothering and its metaphoric extensions. Let me conclude this point by a very partial reading of the logic of the cyborg monsters of my second group of texts, feminist science fiction. Lewontin, R. C., Steven Rose, and Leon J. Kamin. Merchant, Carolyn. Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among Apes. Still, a hugely fascinating and still relevant manifesto—and one that still stands out in opposition to the white straight male patriarchal structures that define Silicon Valley and therefore the technological near-future. 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