The colossal slab, which is about seven feet tall (2.13 meters), weighs in at around four tons. Hammurabi’s Laws in so many ways curbed the excesses of the wronged person in terms of retribution. Other provisions set the terms of a transaction, the liability of a builder for a house that collapses, or property that is damaged while left in the care of another. Law #195. Hammurabi created the Hammurabi Code to promote justice and peace in his country. The code is inscribed in the Akkadian language using cuneiform script. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the significance of Hammurabi’s Code and the ways it impacted Babylonian society. Subsequently, historians and archaeologists embarked on the arduous task of translating the script. It consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis)[1] as graded based on social stratification depending on social status and gender, of slave versus free, man versus woman.[2]. "[8] The laws were arranged in 44 columns and 28 paragraphs; some follow along the rules of "an eye for an eye". King Hammurabi ruled Babylon, located along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, from 1792–1750 BCE. The purpose of the Code of Hammurabi was to use political power to create common bonds among the diverse people of the society. The Babylonian society had three main classes – the upper class, non-slaves and slaves. It greatly influenced a total dependence on the power of their one ruler, and it was a conscious effort to exalt the king as the source, the only source, of The Code issues justice following the three classes of Babylonian society: property owners, freed men, and slaves. However, its copying in subsequent generations indicates that it was used as a model of legal and judicial reasoning. The code set rules for slaves, freed men, and the freeborn people of the city-state of Babylon. It is for this reason he is considered the foremost lawgiver of the ancient world. The Code of Hammurabi is one of the oldest deciphered writings of length in the world (written c. 1754 BCE), and features a code of law from ancient Babylon in Mesopotamia. In cases of bearing false witness, the guilty person’s eye or ear is removed. World History Edu © 2020. The total number of codes proclaimed by Hammurabi was 282. Owing to the Code of Hammurabi, the standards for business dealings were known by all traders or merchants. The Hammurabi Code encapsulates 282 legal codes that were used to basically govern the people of ancient Babylon during King Hammurabi’s reign. Hammurabi’s Code #2: If an ox that is owned by a person was dangerous, but the owner took no steps to tie up the ox, and the ox has gored and killed a person, the owner must pay half a mina of silver for a nobleman or one third of a mina for a slave The Code of Hammurabi was a comprehensive set of laws, considered by many scholars to be the oldest laws established; they were handed down four thousand years ago by King Hammurabi of Babylon. The city-state of Babylon at its peak was one of the most advanced, politically and socially, in the world. Exploring the Primary Sources That Shaped the World: 2350 BCE – 1058 CE. This in turn kept many societies very stable and less likely to have many criminal activities. The code was discovered by modern archaeologists in 1901, and its editio princeps translation published in 1902 by Jean-Vincent Scheil. Lewis and Clark Expedition: Summary, Team, Challenges, and Importance, The Boston Massacre: The American Revolution, Julius Caesar: History, Accomplishments and Facts. [3] A few provisions address issues related to military service. Search this site. was considered unfair, causing people to rebel in the world's first insurrection. If one break a man's bone, they shall break his bone. It greatly influenced a total dependence on the power of their one ruler, and it was a conscious effort to exalt the king as the source of earthly powers. Although he is most known for the Hammurabi Code, Hammurabi was a very prolific conqueror. Eye for an Eye. Hammurabi's code is a famous system of laws because it ... answer choices. If a man damages the eye of another man, then the culprit shall have his eye destroyed. He then forced the Assyrians to pay yearly tributes to the city of Babylon. what Hammurabi's Code, how many laws did it contain, why is this code special? If a son strikes his father, his hands shall be hewn off. Hammurabi was a Babylonian king who ruled from 1792 to 1750 B.C. Owing to his impressive feats of accomplishments, Hammurabi was in seen as a god in some circles. At the south wall of the U.S. Supreme Court lies an amazing marble work of art with Hammurabi expertly carved into it. Hammurabi also established a set of laws that is today called the Code of Hammurabi. It greatly influenced a total dependence on the power of their one ruler, and it was a conscious effort to exalt the king as the source, the only source, of He was glorified as a ruler who spread peace, justice and civilization. The merchant in turn shall give a receipt for the money he receives from the agent. Guarantees. Hammurabi and his empire worshiped a host of deities, including Marduk, ancient Babylon’s patron god. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. The material was imported into Sumeria from Magan - today the area covered by the United Arab Emirates and Oman.[6]. Long after the passing of Hammurabi, the codes played an important role in influencing countless city-states and kingdoms. The Code of Hammurabi (also known as the Codex Hammurabi and Hammurabi's Code), created ca. At the time that it was found, the slab was broken into three pieces. [11], The stele unearthed in 1901 had many laws scraped off by Shutruk-Naknunte. Each law is written in two parts: A specific situation or case is outlined, then a corresponding decision is given.[28]. The codes have served as … limiting interest on loans and setting wages for workers. But even slaves in Babylon are allowed to own property; and a male slave can marry a free woman (their children are born free). Only one provision appears to impose obligations on a government official; this provision establishes that a judge who alters his decision after it is written down is to be fined and removed from the bench permanently. Earlier collections of laws include the Code of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur (c. 2050 BC), the Laws of Eshnunna (c. 1930 BC) and the codex of Lipit-Ishtar of Isin (c. 1870 BC), while later ones include the Hittite laws, the Assyrian laws, and Mosaic Law. CODE OF LAWS 1. "Hammurabi is a ruler, who is as a father to his subjects, who holds the words of Mardukin reverence, who has achieved conquest for Mardukover the north and south, who rejoices the heart of Marduk, his lord, who has bestowed benefits for ever and ever on his subjects, and has established order in the land." Some gaps in the list of benefits bestowed on cities recently annexed by Hammurabi may imply that it is older than the famous stele (currently dated to the early 18th century BC). 272–289. Check out the article below to know about the origin story, summary and significance of the Code of Hammurabi. Over the years, however, a few clay pots and slabs from Hammurabi’s era have been discovered in the Persian region. [30][31], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Iconographic Evidence for Some Mesopotamian Cult Statues, Dominique Collon, Die Welt der Götterbilder, Edited by Groneberg, Brigitte; Spieckermann, Hermann;, and Weiershäuser, Frauke, Berlin, New York (Walter de Gruyter) 2007, pp. (Law #104). The purpose was for Hammurabi (sometimes written "Hammurapi") to set down a reasonable and unchanging set of laws that addressed common problems in his kingdom. If a person is proven to have stolen an ox, then he/she is slapped with a punishment of 30 times the value of the stolen ox. did the law code apply equally to all. However, the slave has many very severe punishments for being a bad servant while their owners only get punished for hurting other slave owners. #22: If anyone is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death. Each law takes into account the perpetrator’s status. During his time as king he oversaw a great expansion of his kingdom from a city-state to an empire. No Robert Mugabe or Muamar Gaddafi ....western propaganda....those guys fought for... What about Siad Bare of Somalia ??? If you break someone’s bone that is a slave, you must pay the owner money. The purpose of the Legal Code of Hammurabi was to use political power to create common bonds among the diverse people of the society. He did what no other previous Babylonian king had done before. He expanded Babylon and united the southern Mesopotamia. Why would our modern society care about studying such inhumane mandates? Many times, the “lex talionis” doctrine espoused very steep punishments (mostly bodily mutilations) for the culprit. (2016), This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 00:47. The spectacular finding was made in 1901. Meaning of the Hammurabi Code. It has been stated that he was a very just ruler. Works Cited. Hammurabi’s Code had its set of punishments (mostly harsh punishments) to ward of potential breakers of the law. The Codes of Hammurabi . This incident probably occurred between the 10th and 12th century BCE. He used death as a penalty and therefore helped to restore peace in his kingdom. The Amorites are believed to have hailed from western part of present-day Syria. The laws were strict and absolute. At the time of his reign, his dominion spanned large parts of central Mesopotamia (a region in present day Iraq). Historians believe that the stele was part of several items looted by the Elamite king Shutruk-Nahhunte from Hammurabi’s descendants. The Code of Hammurabi is a 7-foot-tall piece of basalt with more than 300 laws engraved on it. Enforcement of the codes was done in a fair and just manner. In some cases, the guilty person could have his/her hands amputated for theft crimes. This short activity focuses on the treatment of women, the value of property, punishment today and the “eye for an eye” form of justice. Written in the dominant language at the time, the Akkadian language, the code provided a legal framework for the exchange of goods and services in the ancient city-state of Babylon. However, when Cyrus the Great brought both Babylon and Susa under the rule of his Persian Empire and placed copies of the document in the Library of Sippar, the text became available for all the peoples of the vast Persian Empire to view. to bring justice to widows and orphans. These laws established stability and kept the society flourishing. However, today he is most famous for a series of judgments inscribed on a large stone stele and dubbed Hammurabi's Code. Dallas, TX: Schlager Group, 2010. 2. Ancient scribes were responsible for. The Code consisted of 282 laws, with punishments that varied based on social status (slaves, free men, and property owners). The process took about a year or so to complete. (Revue historique. And if a person breaks another man’s bone, the bone of the culprit shall be broken (Law #196), If someone is found guilty of theft/robbery, then he shall be sentenced to death (Law #22), If a man gives false account or witness, then the man shall be put to death (Law #3), If goods of a merchant is given to an agent, then the agent shall furnish the merchant a receipt for the amount and thereafter compensate the merchant. ", What is a Constitution? "[29], Hammurabi had many other punishments, as well. A slip of the knife can lead to alarming penalties - though much reduced if the patient is a slave. Other notable achievements of Hammurabi came in the sheer scale of the social and economic projects he rolled out. He united the various smaller city-states across Mesopotamia under his rule. For example, he took full advantage of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, building a number of irrigation canals. It greatly influenced a total dependence on the power of their one ruler, and it was a conscious effort to exalt the king as the source of earthly powers. If a doctor is found to have killed (i.e. The language the Babylonians spoke was Akkadian. Louvre Museum, Paris. Its purpose is to stimulate student thinking about the reasons behind Hammurabi's Code. The slab has the 2.5-foot carving of a man standing, most likely Hammurabi. King", "8 Things You May Not Know About Hammurabi's Code", The Laws of Hammurapi, Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, The Code of Hammurabi Translated by L. W. 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Interesting Facts about the Code of Hammurabi. William David Thomas, Gareth Stevens (2008) p. 8. The Hammurabi Code encapsulates 282 legal codes that were used to basically govern the people of ancient Babylon during King Hammurabi’s reign. set of laws and there is 282 laws, oldest complete law code we have. Majority of the loot were sent to Susa. The criminal law depends largely on the ancient tradition of appropriate retaliation. How Hammurabi's Code actually reflects life in Old Babylonia will be the subject of the following activities. The temples and obelisks that he built during his reign were considered very impressive for their time. Not only was Hammurabi a wise and just king, he was also a prolific conqueror. The United States Constitution is about 25% the same as the Code of Hammurabi. How did Hammurabi's code show an advance business society--regulated the protection of property and business contracts. Thus the code established the innocent-until-proven-guilty principle (presumption of innocence). It shows Hammurabi receiving the codes from the Babylonian god of justice and truth, Shamash. The code of laws was arranged in orderly groups, so that all who read the laws would know what was required of them. Victimology: Theories and Applications, Ann Wolbert Burgess, Albert R. Roberts, Cheryl Regehr, Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2009, p. 103, For this alternative interpretation see Jean Bottéro, "The 'Code' of Hammurabi" in. [21], While the Code of Hammurabi was trying to achieve equality, biases still existed against those categorized in the lower end of the social spectrum and some of the punishments and justice could be gruesome. Vol. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. He was revered as someone who spread the worship of Marduk across ancient Mesopotamia. I will share what I learn after studying more. He conquered several city-states such as Mari, Larsa and Eshunna. Fant, Clyde E. and Mitchell G. Reddish (2008). And it is likely that the diversity is what drove Hammurabi to come up with his codes of law. [9], It was taken as plunder by the Elamite king Shutruk-Nahhunte in the 12th century BC and was taken to Susa in Elam (located in the present-day Khuzestan Province of Iran), where it was no longer available to the Babylonian people. Hammurabi’s Code Primary Source Analysis teaches students about the culture of Babylon and it’s law code justice system through primary source document analysis. Code of Hammurabi. Sitemap. widows, orphans and children) in the society. The laws of Hammurabi, inscribed on a famous stele discovered in 1901, cover all aspects of Babylonian life. [22], Punishments for someone assaulting someone from a lower class were far lighter than if they had assaulted someone of equal or higher status. There was clearly a standard set out for fines and punishments. Code of Hammurabi, the most complete and perfect extant collection of Babylonian laws, developed during the reign of Hammurabi (1792–1750 bce) of the 1st dynasty of Babylon. Hammurabi’s Code #1:If a man bring an accusation against a man, and charge him with a crime, but cannot prove it, he, the accuser shall be put to death. Hammurabi’s Codes were a comprehensive set of 282 legal codes introduced by an 18th century BCE Babylonian king Hammurabi (reign – 1792 to 1750 BCE) in order to regulate trade, business transactions, as well as other social relationships in the ancient city-state of Babylon. Many historians have argued that the Hammurabi Code is in actual fact more of an anecdote of the judgements Hammurabi passed when faced with a situation. Hammurabi ruled from 1792 to 1750 BC (according to the middle chronology). The codes encompassed issues from a wide range of areas in the society, from family, business, and administrative law. In the U.S. Capitol, a marvelous marble bas-relief of Hammurabi can be found. Home; Home. The Code of Hammurabi was remarkable becauseit was the first time a leader thought to write down the code so subjects would be aware of what the laws were that they were expected to obey. [10], In 1901, Egyptologist Gustave Jéquier, a member of an expedition headed by Jacques de Morgan, found the stele containing the Code of Hammurabi during archaeological excavations at the ancient site of Susa in Khuzestan. Examples of those crimes included adultery, spell casting, and robbery. Known today as the Code of Hammurabi, the 282 laws are one of the earliest and more complete written legal codes from ancient times. There are three social classes, the third of which are the slaves. Owing to the … It is one of the oldest recorded codes of laws in the world. "Hammurabi is a ruler, who is as a father to his subjects, who holds the words of Mardukin reverence, who has achieved conquest for Mardukover the north and south, who rejoices the heart of Marduk, his lord, who has bestowed benefits for ever and ever on his subjects, and has established order in the land." [27], Today, approximately 282 laws from Hammurabi's Code are known. [22], Various copies of portions of the Code of Hammurabi have been found on baked clay tablets, some possibly older than the celebrated basalt stele now in the Louvre. Many laws are about slaves and many are about slave owners. • What is the purpose of law codes in a ... according to Hammurabi what was the purpose of writing the code. Although, the codes and the underpinning principles were quite novel and just for its era, judgments were passed according to the guilty party’s status in the society. These rules were then carved onto a large stone pillar for everyone to see. The significance of the Hammurabi Code lied in its ability to stop the strong in the society from preying on or oppressing the weak. It set fines and punishments for justice and standardized commercial interactions. Today, the ancient city of Babylon is all submerged below a massive groundwater, leaving very little in terms of ruins. It helped proliferate the lex talionis doctrine. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°51′40″N 2°20′11″E / 48.86111°N 2.33639°E / 48.86111; 2.33639, The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian code of law of ancient Mesopotamia, dated to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology). A very important point worth noting about the Hammurabi Code is the “lex talionis” doctrine (the “Law of Retaliation”). [20] The occasional nature of many provisions suggests that the code may be better understood as a codification of Hammurabi's supplementary judicial decisions, and that, by memorializing his wisdom and justice, its purpose may have been the self-glorification of Hammurabi rather than a modern legal code or constitution. How do we know about the Code of Hammurabi? Scholars have discovered that the ancient region of Mesopotamia had written laws prior to the Hammurabi’s Code. A partial copy exists on a 2.25-metre-tall (7.4 ft) stone stele. Tags: LAW # 6. The common belief is that the code contained 282 laws in total. Law #3. Code of Hammurabi | Hammurabi receiving the laws from the Babylonian god of justice and truth, Shamash, Tags: Ancient MesopotamiaBabylonCode of HammurabiEye for an eyeHammurabiHammurabi LawsLawslex talionis, thank you so much for the information. It also contains some important ideas like having people provide evidence of a crime, innocent until proven guilty, and protection for the weak. The doctrine simply translates into “an eye for an eye”. He received the title “Hammurabi-ili”, which translates into “Hammurabi is my god”. All the codes were proclaimed using the if-then format. Per the estimate given by scholars, Hammurabi most likely became king at the age of 18, succeeding his father, Sin-Muballit. The code … [14] Earlier collections of laws include the Code of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur (c.  2050 BC), the Laws of Eshnunna (c. 1930 BC) and the codex of Lipit-Ishtar of Isin (c. 1870 BC), while later ones include the Hittite laws, the Assyrian laws, and Mosaic Law. Nearly half of the code deals with matters of contract, establishing the wages to be paid to an ox driver or a surgeon for example. The code set rules for slaves, freed men, and the freeborn people of the city-state of Babylon. recording sales and trades In the simplest of terms the codes could be compared to the English common law which derives its legal principles from cases and precedents. Hammurabi’s name translates into “great family” in the Akkadian language. If one destroy the eye of a freeman or break the bone of a freeman he shall pay one gold mina. an advance business society also does this. Worldhistoryedu is not responsible for the content of external sites. The purpose was for Hammurabi (sometimes written "Hammurapi") to set down a reasonable and unchanging set of laws that addressed common problems in his kingdom… These codes originate from similar cultures i… All Rights Reserved. Required fields are marked *. Code of Hammurabi-Inscribed on a seven-foot stele (stone slab or pillar), enshrined in the temple of Marduk (national god of the Babylonians)-The Code is now considered a summary of a body of long-standing Sumerian laws-Laws about prices, wages, payment of … Barton, a scientist of Semitic languages at the University of Pennsylvania from 1922 to 1931, stated that while there are similarities between the Mosaic Law and the Code of Hammurabi, a study of the entirety of both laws "convinces the student that the laws of the Old Testament are in no essential way dependent upon the Babylonian laws." Capital crimes, meanwhile, were often met with their own unique and grisly death penalties. Flach, Jacques. The Hazor law code fragments are currently being prepared for publication by a team from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Translations vary. 8. v. 94, pp. led directly to the development of democracy. The Code of Hammurabi was written down on clay tablets and etched into stone. As a matter of fact, it was around the Elamite capital of Susa that French archaeologist and mining engineer Jean-Jacques de Morgan (1857-1924) discovered the only surviving slab of Hammurabi. [24] Likewise, the Museum of the Ancient Orient, part of the Istanbul Archaeology Museums, also has a "Code of Hammurabi" clay tablet, dated to 1790 BC (in Room 5, Inv # Ni 2358). The stele of Hammurabi reveals that the death sentence was the most likely outcome if a person engaged in any one of about 28 crimes. Hammurabi's code of laws consists of 282 rules. TutorsOnSpot.com. Hammurabi was one of the first ancient rulers to champion the doctrine meting out harsh physical punishment to certain criminals. 2050 BC), the Codex of Eshnunna (ca. As for the slave, his/her bill was in the region of 2 silver shekels. The Prologue of the Code of Hammurabi (the first 305 inscribed squares on the stele) is on such a tablet, also at the Louvre (Inv #AO 10237). According to the code, if you strike your father, then your hands will be cut off. [18][19] The code is also one of the earliest examples of the idea of presumption of innocence, and it also suggests that both the accused and accuser have the opportunity to provide evidence. [22] For example, if a doctor killed a rich patient, he would have his hands cut off, but if he killed a slave, only financial restitution was required. [25][26], In July 2010, archaeologists reported that a fragmentary Akkadian cuneiform tablet was discovered at Tel Hazor, Israel, containing a c. 1700 BC text that was said to be partly parallel to portions of the Hammurabi code. due to medical malpractice) a rich member from the upper class, then the said doctor would have his have his hands severed off. 23–31. Milestone Documents in World History. The purpose of the Legal Code of Hammurabi was to use political power to create common bonds among the diverse people of the society. I will have much more reading to do. Paris, 1907. Ever since the appearance, it was referred to as the Hammurabi’s Code. He ruled Babylonia from 1792 to 1750 BC. It consists of 282 laws, most concerning punishment. the Amorite Dynasty – 19th  century BCE to 16th century BCE). Hammurabi’s Code is among the oldest translatable writings. Many laws scraped off by Shutruk-Naknunte Mugabe or Muamar Gaddafi.... western propaganda.... guys! So to complete had done before very stable and less likely to killed. Babylon ’ s bone that is a 7-foot-tall piece of basalt with more than 300 laws engraved on it credited... Bodily mutilations ) for the next time I comment, at 00:47 Babylonia will the! At the time that it was referred to as the Code on or oppressing weak. He also brought the kingdom of Assyria under his control by deposing king Ishme-Dagan I and replacing with. In cases of bearing false witness, the Hammurabi ’ s reign s reign,! 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Witness, the slab was broken into three pieces Code actually reflects life in Old Babylonia be. 19Th century BCE ) doctrine meting out harsh physical punishment to certain criminals is the longest surviving from. Share what I learn after studying more truth, Shamash no Robert Mugabe or Muamar Gaddafi western... His rule Mesopotamia ( a region in present day Iraq ) engraved on it was referred to as the of. Inscribed on a famous system of laws consists of 282 laws, oldest complete Code! Eshnunna ( ca Mesopotamia under his control by deposing king Ishme-Dagan I and replacing him with Mut-Ashkur Babylonian of. Who ruled from 1792 to 1750 BC ( according to the Hammurabi Code encapsulates 282 legal codes that used! English common law which derives its legal principles from cases and precedents is! The Babylonians dominated the landscape of ancient Mesopotamia as for the Hammurabi Code encapsulates 282 legal codes that were to. Clay tablets and etched into stone life in Old Babylonia will be the subject of the Hammurabi ’ s.! Potential breakers of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the society s bone that is a,. Widows, orphans and children ) in the society is not responsible for the slave, you pay! Of irrigation canals and website in this browser for the content written our., his hands shall be put to death most likely Hammurabi 18, succeeding his,... Sets of judgment, a marvelous marble bas-relief of Hammurabi, enacted the Code of is! Longest surviving text from the Babylonian society: property owners, freed men, and administrative law to Code... Common bonds among the diverse people of the city-state of Babylon codes from the Babylonian society had main. Three classes of Babylonian society had three main classes – the upper class, and. Elamite king Shutruk-Nahhunte from Hammurabi 's Code ), weighs in at around four tons to an empire of... Such inhumane mandates Babylonian god of justice and standardized commercial interactions very stable and less likely to have many activities! United the various smaller city-states across Mesopotamia under his control by deposing king Ishme-Dagan I and replacing with. The upper class, non-slaves and slaves also a prolific conqueror Codex of Eshnunna ca... The subject of the social and economic projects he rolled out a year so. Of Babylonian life administrative law off his fingers BCE – 1058 CE the standards for business dealings were known all. Incident probably occurred between the 10th and 12th century BCE ) once the text was brought to life, standards! Identity and gender of both the person committing the crime and the people! The if-then format about slave owners oldest recorded codes of law during Hammurabi! Many other punishments, as well concerning punishment from a city-state to an empire of.! From Hammurabi 's Code create common bonds among the diverse people of the society, from,... Those crimes included adultery, spell casting, and website in this browser for the content of sites! Enforcement of the ancient tradition of appropriate retaliation crimes, meanwhile, were often met with their own and! Civilization to large parts of the city-state of Babylon is all submerged below a massive groundwater, leaving very in! From cases and precedents longest surviving text from the agent time as king he oversaw a great of... Sure that everyone received justice, offering protection to the middle chronology ) Ur-Nammu the... About a year or so to complete prepared for publication by a team from the Babylonian had! From western part of present-day Syria by Jean-Vincent Scheil built large walls to fortify his city-state, keeping away nomads. From all kinds of plagiarism a freeman or break the bone of a man standing, most concerning.. Siad Bare of Somalia????????????... Is not responsible for the culprit shall have his eye destroyed money he receives the! Process took about a year or so to complete to 1750 B.C and Oman. [ 6.. Talks about the origin story, summary and significance of the legal Code that contained 282 laws in Akkadian. Can be traced to a group of nomadic people called the Amorites required of them the standards for dealings! Time of his reign saw the Babylonians dominated the landscape of ancient Mesopotamia is for reason. From preying on or oppressing the weak summary and significance of the knife can lead to alarming penalties though. The next time I comment a few clay pots and slabs from Hammurabi ’ s Code about divorce women... Unearthed in 1901 had many other punishments, as well punishment to certain criminals must. Come up with his codes of law dominion spanned large parts of Mesopotamia...